Swim Lingo

 

Terminology used in Swimming and Swim Training

Adaptation

Assisted Swimming

Aerobic

Age Group (AG)

Air Exchange

Air Management

Anaerobic 

Backstroke (Back or BK)

Back End Speed

Back Half

Balance 

Base Interval or Base 

Best Ave 

Bilateral Breathing

Biomechanics

Blocks

Body Line

Breaststroke (Breast, BRST, or BR)

Breakout

Brisk 

Broken Swim or Broken Set

Bucket Turn

Build

Bulkhead 

Buoyancy 

Butterfly (Fly or FL) 

B3 (can be followed by any #, may also be a BE)

Catch 

Championship Format

Choice 

Circle Swim

(The) Clock
• “The Top”
• 
“The Bottom”

Cool-Down (C/D) 

Coping

Crawl or Australian Crawl 

Crossover Turn

Cruise

Cut(s)

Cycle

Deck 

Descend (Set)

Descending (Interval)

Dolphin Dive

Dolphin Kick

Distance per Stroke (DPS)

Drag

Dragsuit

Drill (DR) 

Drill/Swim (Dr/Sw)

Dryland

Easy (EZ)

Equipment

Even Split

Early Vertical Forearm (EVF)

Extension

Fast

Feel

Fifth Stroke (5th Stroke)

Finals

Fins

Flags or Backstroke Flags

Flip Turn 

Flutter Kick

Freestyle (Free or FR)

FRIM 

Front End Speed

Fulcrum(s)

Full Gear

Grab Start

Gutter 

Hard

Hand Lead 

Head Lead

Heats

High Elbow

Hypoxic

Individual Medley (IM)

Interval

Jammer 

Kick (K)

Kickboard (Board or KB)

Ladder

Laneline

Lap

Length 

Leverage

Line

Local Swim Committee (LSC)

Local Masters Swim Committee (LMSC)

Long Axis

Long Course (LC or LCM)

Main Set

Masters

Meet Manager

Midline (Centerline)

Mid-Pool

Mile (1650 or 1500)

Momentum

Monofin

Motivational Times

Motor Pattern

Negative Split (NS or N/S)

Neutral Head

Open Turn

Olympic Training Center (OTC)

Pace

Paddles (Padd or PD)

Percent Effort (% or p.r.e.)

Phase

Preliminaries (Prelim’s)

Propulsion

Pull 

Pull Buoy (Buoy or PB)

Pullout

Pyramid

Recovery

Relay Start

Repeat or Repetition (Rep)

Repeat Time

Resisted Swimming

Rest Interval (R, RI, or R.I.)

Rotating

Rotation
• Body
• External
• Internal

Save-Up Sally

Sculling

Send-off

Senior

Set

Short Axis

Short Course (SC, SCY, or SCM)

Six-Beat Kick

Sprint

Streamline

Stroke

“Stroke” or “Non-Free” (STR)

Stroke Count (SC) / Strokes per Length (S/L)

Stroke Cycle

Stroke Rate (SR)

Swim Cap (Cap)

Swim Coach 

Swim Golf (Swolf)

Swimmer’s/Centermount Snorkel

Taper

Tempo

Tempo Trainer (TT)

Test Set

Threshold

Time

Time Interval

Timed Finals

Timing Pads (Pads)

Tombstone

Track Start

Transition

Turn at the ‘T’ (or “no walls”)

Turnover (T.O.)

Two-A-Day’s

Two Beat Kick

Up/Down (↑/↓)

USMS

USRPT 

Underwaters (U/W or ↓H2O)

Vertical Kicking

Watch

Whip Kick

Whole- or Full-Stroke 

Warm-Down (W/D)

Warm-Up (W/U)

Zoomers

2-Beat Kick

6-Beat Kick

25 (or 50/75/100/etc.)

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